Often used abbreviations and their translations

Content

Binding types

A prefixed O or Orig. means that the book has the original binding.

priv. = Privat - private / nachgeb. = nachgebunden - re-bound / Einbd.d.Z. = Einband der Zeit - binding of the time

Brosch. / Bro. / Br. = Broschur - soft cover

Kart. / Ktn. / Kt. = Karton - bound in boards

Pb. / Pp. = Pappband - paperback

Lw. / Lwd. / Ln. = Leinwand - linen

HLw. / HLwd. / HLn. = Halbleinwand - half linen

Led. /Ldr. = Leder - leather

HLed. / HLdr. = Halbleder - half leather

KLed. / KLdr. = Kunstleder - artificial leather

Pergmt. / Prgmt. / Prgmnt. = Pergament - parchment

HPergmt. / HPrgmt. / HPrgmnt. = Halbpergament - half parchment

Books with original book jacket are described with the following abbreviations: SU. / OSU. / OS. / OU. / OUmschl.

Books sizes and formats

When there is no explicit book size given, the book has standard size (Octavo) with a height of 18 to 22 centimeters (about 7.1 to 8.7 inches).

16° = Sedez = 8 - 12 cm - Sextodecimo, about 3.1 to 4.7 inches

12° = Duodez = 12 - 15 cm - Duodecimo, about 4.7 to 5.9 inches

kl. 8° = Kleinoktav = 15 - 18 cm - small Octavo, about 5.9 to 7.1 inches

8° = Oktav = 18 - 22 cm - Octavo, about 7.1 to 8.7 inches

gr. 8° = Großoktav = 22 - 25 cm - large Octavo, about 8.7 to 9.8 inches

4° = Quart = 25 - 35 cm - Quarto, about 9.8 to 13.8 inches

Fol. = Folio > 35 cm - folio, over 13.78 inches

Note: qu. or quer means, the book is in landscape format.

List of abbreviations and their translations

Abb. = Abbildungen - pictures

Abt. = Abteilung - department

Akad. = Akademie - academy

Anh. = Anhang - appendix

Anm. = Anmerkung - annotation

Aufl. = Auflage - circulation

Ausg. = Ausgabe - edition

ausgew. = ausgewählt - exclusive

Bd. = Band - volume

Bde. = Bände - volumes

bearb. = bearbeitet - edited

Biogr. = Biographie - biography

Bl. = Blatt - sheet / folio

bzw. = beziehungsweise - respectively

d.i. = das ist - that is

Einf. = Einführung - introduction

Einl. = Einleitung - introduction / preamble

Erg. = Ergänzung - addition

erl. = erläutert - elucidated

erw. = erweitert - extended

Ex. / Expl. = Exemplare - copies

ff. = folgende - following

Faks. = Faksimile - facsimile (exact copy)

gedr. = gedruckt - printed

ges. = gesammelt - collected

Hrsg. = Herausgeber - editor

hist.krit. = historisch kritisch - historically critical

ill. = illustriert - illustrated

Ill./Illustr. = Illustrationen - illustrations

Jh. /Jhdrt. = Jahrhundert - century

lit. = literarisch - literary

Lit. = Literatur - literature

Nachdr. = Nachdruck - re-print

Nachw. = Nachwort - epilogue

Nr. / No. = Nummer - number

Pl.Nr. = Platten-Nummer - sheet number

o. = ohne - without

o.J. = ohne Jahr - without year

o.O. = ohne Ort - without place

o.Vlg. = ohne Verlag - without publisher

Pag. = Paginierung - paging

Priv.Dr. = Privat Druck - private print

qu. = quer - landscape format

Red. = Redaktion - editorial stuff

Reg. = Register - register

S. = Seiten - pages

sign. = signiert - signed

Suppl. = Supplement - supplement

Taf. = Tafeln - plates

teilw. = teilweise - partially

Tle. = Teile - parts

u.a. = und andere - and others

Übs. = Übersetzer - translator

unvollst. = unvollständig - incomplete

verb. = verbessert - improved

vord. = vordere(r/s) - leading

vgl. = vergleiche - compare

Vlg. = Verlag - publishing company

Vign. = Vignetten - vignettes

Vorw. = Vorwort - foreword / preamble

wiss. = wissenschaftlich - scientific

z.T. = zum Teil - partly

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